This type of centipede has 21 body segments, each of which has one pair of legs. Let’s take a look at a few of the most interesting millipedes in the world. Giant African millipede: These millipede types are called “giant” for a reason. wards off potential predators. The dark coloration with contrasting yellow-tipped keels warn of its ability to exude toxic hydrogen cyanide as a defense. As for the color, it is usually red or reddish brown with yellow or yellow-orange legs. The bites from these centipedes are even more poisonous than many snake bites. It is believed to have originated in the Caribbean, and was first found in Monroe County in 2001, according to the University of Florida. The yellow-banded millipede is not a South Florida native. Different types of millipedes. The yellow-spotted millipede (Harpaphe haydeniana) can naturally produce hydrogen cyanide was in danger. This millipede is not dangerous to humans They are active and aggressive predators that prey on any animal they can hunt. There are many millipede types, and they range in size, shape and color. Unlike centipedes, millipedes do not bite or sting. The millipede also protects itself by curling into a ball which resembles a snail. It’s not poisonous to large animals, but for smaller critters it can be toxic. The bright spots on the yellow-spotted millipede are an example of aposematic (warning) coloration that . Now throw into the mix two new invasive millipedes – the yellow-banded and the rusty millipede – and you could have a formula for a millipede “apocalypse” in some areas. Harpaphe haydeniana, commonly known as the yellow-spotted millipede, almond-scented millipede or cyanide millipede, is a species of polydesmidan ("flat-backed") millipede found in the moist forests along the Pacific coast of North America, from Southeast Alaska to California. also releases cyanide which is toxic to small predators. I think I’ve seen one gutted by one of our pullets but I decided to google because the coloration generally screams toxic in the insect world. Certain types of millipedes release a harmful substance (toxin) all over their body if they are threatened or if you handle them roughly. We have a ton of these yellow spotted millipedes in our yard. Millipedes marked in vivid warning colors (such as this mating pair of yellow-spotted millipedes that live in the forests of northern Idaho) se- crete droplets of toxic … Summary 6 Harpaphe haydeniana (the yellow-spotted millipede, almond-scented millipede or cyanide millipede) is a species of polydesmidan ("flat-backed") millipede found in the moist forests along the Pacific coast of North America, from Southeast Alaska to California.The dark coloration with contrasting yellow-tipped keels warn of its ability to exude toxic hydrogen cyanide as a defense. If you must handle millipedes, be sure to wash your hands afterward. NATURAL HISTORY. H. haydeniana. They cannot tolerate a dry environment for long. Hydrogen cyanide is a very poisonous chemical compound, it was even used as a chemical weapon in World War 1. Unfortunately, nothing likes to eat millipedes as they produce irritating chemicals which ward off predators. 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